Class SQLTemplate

All Implemented Interfaces:
Serializable, ParameterizedQuery, Query

public class SQLTemplate
extends AbstractQuery
implements ParameterizedQuery
A query that executes unchanged (except for template preprocessing) "raw" SQL specified by the user.

Template Script

SQLTemplate stores a dynamic template for the SQL query that supports parameters and customization using Velocity scripting language. The most straightforward use of scripting abilities is to build parameterized queries. For example:

                  SELECT ID, NAME FROM SOME_TABLE WHERE NAME LIKE $a
 

For advanced scripting options see "Scripting SQLTemplate" chapter in the User Guide.

Per-Database Template Customization

SQLTemplate has a default template script, but also it allows to configure multiple templates and switch them dynamically. This way a single query can have multiple "dialects" specific to a given database.

Since:
1.1
See Also:
Serialized Form
  • Field Details

    • COLUMN_NAME_CAPITALIZATION_PROPERTY

      public static final String COLUMN_NAME_CAPITALIZATION_PROPERTY
      See Also:
      Constant Field Values
    • defaultTemplate

      protected String defaultTemplate
    • templates

      protected Map<String,​String> templates
    • parameters

      protected Map<String,​?>[] parameters
    • positionalParams

      protected List<Object> positionalParams
    • columnNamesCapitalization

      protected CapsStrategy columnNamesCapitalization
    • result

      protected SQLResult result
    • returnGeneratedKeys

      protected boolean returnGeneratedKeys
  • Constructor Details

    • SQLTemplate

      public SQLTemplate()
      Creates an empty SQLTemplate. Note this constructor does not specify the "root" of the query, so a user must call "setRoot" later to make sure SQLTemplate can be executed.
      Since:
      1.2
    • SQLTemplate

      public SQLTemplate​(String defaultTemplate, boolean isFetchingDataRows)
      Creates a SQLTemplate without an explicit root.
      Since:
      4.0
    • SQLTemplate

      public SQLTemplate​(DataMap rootMap, String defaultTemplate, boolean isFetchingDataRows)
      Since:
      3.1
    • SQLTemplate

      public SQLTemplate​(ObjEntity rootEntity, String defaultTemplate)
      Since:
      1.2
    • SQLTemplate

      public SQLTemplate​(Class<?> rootClass, String defaultTemplate)
      Since:
      1.2
    • SQLTemplate

      public SQLTemplate​(DbEntity rootEntity, String defaultTemplate)
      Since:
      1.2
    • SQLTemplate

      public SQLTemplate​(String objEntityName, String defaultTemplate)
      Since:
      1.2
  • Method Details

    • setResultColumnsTypes

      public void setResultColumnsTypes​(Class<?>... types)
    • setRoot

      public void setRoot​(Object value)
      Description copied from class: AbstractQuery
      Sets the root of the query
      Overrides:
      setRoot in class AbstractQuery
      Parameters:
      value - The new root
    • route

      public void route​(QueryRouter router, EntityResolver resolver, Query substitutedQuery)
      Description copied from class: AbstractQuery
      Implements default routing mechanism relying on the EntityResolver to find DataMap based on the query root. This mechanism should be sufficient for most queries that "know" their root.
      Specified by:
      route in interface Query
      Overrides:
      route in class AbstractQuery
    • getMetaData

      public QueryMetadata getMetaData​(EntityResolver resolver)
      Description copied from class: AbstractQuery
      Returns default select parameters.
      Specified by:
      getMetaData in interface Query
      Overrides:
      getMetaData in class AbstractQuery
      Since:
      1.2
    • createSQLAction

      public SQLAction createSQLAction​(SQLActionVisitor visitor)
      Calls sqlAction(this) on the visitor.
      Specified by:
      createSQLAction in interface Query
      Specified by:
      createSQLAction in class AbstractQuery
      Since:
      1.2
    • initWithProperties

      public void initWithProperties​(Map<String,​?> properties)
      Initializes query parameters using a set of properties.
      Since:
      1.1
    • parametersIterator

      public Iterator<Map<String,​?>> parametersIterator()
      Returns an iterator over parameter sets. Each element returned from the iterator is a java.util.Map.
    • parametersSize

      public int parametersSize()
      Returns the number of parameter sets.
    • setParams

      public void setParams​(Map<String,​?> params)
      Initializes named parameter of this query. Note that calling this method will reset any positional parameters.
      Since:
      4.0
    • setParamsArray

      public void setParamsArray​(Object... params)
      Initializes positional parameters of the query. Parameters are bound in the order they are found in the SQL template. If a given parameter name is used more than once, only the first occurrence is treated as "position", subsequent occurrences are bound with the same value as the first one. If template parameters count is different from the array parameter count, an exception will be thrown.

      Note that calling this method will reset any previously set *named* parameters.

      Since:
      4.0
    • setParamsList

      public void setParamsList​(List<Object> params)
      Initializes positional parameters of the query. Parameters are bound in the order they are found in the SQL template. If a given parameter name is used more than once, only the first occurrence is treated as "position", subsequent occurrences are bound with the same value as the first one. If template parameters count is different from the list parameter count, an exception will be thrown.

      Note that calling this method will reset any previously set *named* parameters.

      Since:
      4.0
    • queryWithParameters

      public SQLTemplate queryWithParameters​(Map<String,​?>... parameters)
      Returns a new query built using this query as a prototype and a new set of parameters.
    • createQuery

      public Query createQuery​(Map<String,​?> parameters)
      Creates and returns a new SQLTemplate built using this query as a prototype and substituting template parameters with the values from the map.
      Specified by:
      createQuery in interface ParameterizedQuery
      Since:
      1.1
    • getBaseMetaData

      protected org.apache.cayenne.query.BaseQueryMetadata getBaseMetaData()
      Specified by:
      getBaseMetaData in class CacheableQuery
    • getFetchLimit

      public int getFetchLimit()
    • setFetchLimit

      public void setFetchLimit​(int fetchLimit)
    • getFetchOffset

      public int getFetchOffset()
      Since:
      3.0
    • setFetchOffset

      public void setFetchOffset​(int fetchOffset)
      Since:
      3.0
    • getPageSize

      public int getPageSize()
    • setPageSize

      public void setPageSize​(int pageSize)
    • setFetchingDataRows

      public void setFetchingDataRows​(boolean flag)
    • isFetchingDataRows

      public boolean isFetchingDataRows()
    • getDefaultTemplate

      public String getDefaultTemplate()
      Returns default SQL template for this query.
    • setDefaultTemplate

      public void setDefaultTemplate​(String string)
      Sets default SQL template for this query.
    • getTemplate

      public String getTemplate​(String key)
      Returns a template for key, or a default template if a template for key is not found.
    • getCustomTemplate

      public String getCustomTemplate​(String key)
      Returns template for key, or null if there is no template configured for this key. Unlike getTemplate(String)this method does not return a default template as a failover strategy, rather it returns null.
    • setTemplate

      public void setTemplate​(String key, String template)
      Adds a SQL template string for a given key. Note the the keys understood by Cayenne must be fully qualified adapter class names. This way the framework can related current DataNode to the right template. E.g. "org.apache.cayenne.dba.oracle.OracleAdapter" is a key that should be used to setup an Oracle-specific template.
      See Also:
      setDefaultTemplate(String)
    • removeTemplate

      public void removeTemplate​(String key)
    • getTemplateKeys

      public Collection<String> getTemplateKeys()
      Returns a collection of configured template keys.
    • getParams

      public Map<String,​?> getParams()
      Returns a map of named parameters that will be bound to SQL.
      Since:
      4.0
    • getPositionalParams

      public List<Object> getPositionalParams()
      Returns a list of positional parameters that will be bound to SQL.
      Since:
      4.0
    • getParameters

      public Map<String,​?> getParameters()
      Utility method to get the first set of parameters, since most queries will only have one.
    • setParameters

      public void setParameters​(Map<String,​?>... parameters)
      Utility method to initialize query with one or more sets of parameters.
    • getPrefetchTree

      public PrefetchTreeNode getPrefetchTree()
      Since:
      1.2
    • addPrefetch

      public PrefetchTreeNode addPrefetch​(String prefetchPath)
      Adds a prefetch.
      Since:
      1.2
    • addPrefetch

      public void addPrefetch​(PrefetchTreeNode prefetchElement)
      Adds a prefetch with specified relationship path to the query.
      Since:
      4.0
    • removePrefetch

      public void removePrefetch​(String prefetch)
      Since:
      1.2
    • addPrefetches

      public void addPrefetches​(Collection<String> prefetches)
      Adds all prefetches from a provided collection.
      Since:
      1.2
    • clearPrefetches

      public void clearPrefetches()
      Clears all prefetches.
      Since:
      1.2
    • getColumnNamesCapitalization

      public CapsStrategy getColumnNamesCapitalization()
      Returns a column name capitalization policy applied to selecting queries. This is used to simplify mapping of the queries like "SELECT * FROM ...", ensuring that a chosen Cayenne column mapping strategy (e.g. all column names in uppercase) is portable across database engines that can have varying default capitalization. Default (null) value indicates that column names provided in result set are used unchanged.
      Since:
      3.0
    • setColumnNamesCapitalization

      public void setColumnNamesCapitalization​(CapsStrategy columnNameCapitalization)
      Sets a column name capitalization policy applied to selecting queries. This is used to simplify mapping of the queries like "SELECT * FROM ...", ensuring that a chosen Cayenne column mapping strategy (e.g. all column names in uppercase) is portable across database engines that can have varying default capitalization. Default (null) value indicates that column names provided in result set are used unchanged.

      Note that while a non-default setting is useful for queries that do not rely on a #result directive to describe columns, it works for all SQLTemplates the same way.

      Since:
      3.0
    • setResult

      public void setResult​(SQLResult resultSet)
      Sets an optional explicit mapping of the result set. If result set mapping is specified, the result of SQLTemplate may not be a normal list of Persistent objects or DataRows, instead it will follow the SQLResult rules.
      Since:
      3.0
    • getResult

      public SQLResult getResult()
      Since:
      3.0
    • setStatementFetchSize

      public void setStatementFetchSize​(int size)
      Sets statement's fetch size (0 for no default size)
      Since:
      3.0
    • getStatementFetchSize

      public int getStatementFetchSize()
      Returns:
      statement's fetch size
      Since:
      3.0
    • getDataNodeName

      public String getDataNodeName()
      Returns a name of the DataNode to use with this SQLTemplate. This information will be used during query execution if no other routing information is provided such as entity name or class, etc.
      Since:
      4.0
    • setDataNodeName

      public void setDataNodeName​(String dataNodeName)
      Sets a name of the DataNode to use with this SQLTemplate. This information will be used during query execution if no other routing information is provided such as entity name or class, etc.
      Since:
      4.0
    • isReturnGeneratedKeys

      public boolean isReturnGeneratedKeys()
      Returns:
      returnGeneratedKeys flag
      Since:
      4.1
    • setReturnGeneratedKeys

      public void setReturnGeneratedKeys​(boolean returnGeneratedKeys)
      Sets flag to return generated keys.
      Since:
      4.1
    • getResultColumnsTypes

      public List<Class<?>> getResultColumnsTypes()
    • setResultColumnsTypes

      public void setResultColumnsTypes​(List<Class<?>> resultColumnsTypes)
    • setUseScalar

      public void setUseScalar​(boolean useScalar)
      Sets flag to use scalars.
      Since:
      4.1
    • isUseScalar

      public boolean isUseScalar()